Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 5
Rapid Visual Detection of Streptococcus suis and Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae Th rough Duplex Recombinase Polymerase Amplification Combined with Lateral Flow Dipsticks
Shanshan ZHANG1, Hongbing XIE1, Mingcheng LIU1, Airong ZHENG2, Haixing YAN1, Mingyuan DUAN1, Xiaobing WEI1, Zhanwei TENG1, Jianhe HU1, Huihui ZHANG1, Xiaojing XIA1
1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453003, CHINA
2Forage and Feed Station of Henan Province, Zhengzhou 450008, CHINA
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2022.27691 Primers and corresponding probes were designed for the glutamate dehydrogenase (gdh) gene of Streptococcus suis and the ApxIV gene of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae to establish a dual recombinant enzyme polymerase amplification (RPA)-lateral fl ow dipstick (LFD) detection method for the simultaneous rapid identification of S. suis and A. pleuropneumoniae. Th e specificity test showed that the amplification results for other pathogens were all negative, indicating that the method exhibited good specificity. Th e sensitivity test showed that the lowest nucleic acid concentration detectable with this method was 10-5 ng/μL, which was significantly higher than that observed with PCR and basic RPA. Th e results showed that this method detected all reference strains and clinical isolates, which was consistent with the PCR detection results. Among the 45 clinical samples, 19 cases of S. suis, 1 case of A. pleuropneumoniae and no mixed infections were detected. Th e detection rate was higher than that observed with bacterial isolation and the conventional PCR method, which indicated that this method is very practical and suitable for the rapid clinical detection of S. suis and A. pleuropneumoniae. Compared with the traditional method, the dual RPA-LFD method has several advantages, including high specificity, high sensitivity, fast speed and minimal requirement of instruments and equipment. In addition, the method can achieve the synchronous and rapid detection of S. suis and A. pleuropneumoniae and is helpful for the preliminary screening of clinical diseases. Keywords : Streptococcus suis, Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Recombinase polymerase amplification, Lateral fl ow dipstick, Rapid detection