Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 6
Molecular Characterization of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Isolated From Clinical Bovine Mastitis Cases
1Hatay Mustafa Kemal University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Microbiology, TR-31060 Hatay - Türkiye
2Aydın Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Microbiology, TR-09010 Aydın - Türkiye
3Harran University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Microbiology, TR-63290 Şanlıurfa - Türkiye
4Middle East Technical University, Bioinformatic Institute, TR-06800 Ankara - Türkiye
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2022.28118 This study aimed to investigate the presence and distribution of virulence determinants and their antimicrobial susceptibilities of 44 Pseudomonas aeruginosa isolates obtained from clinical bovine mastitis cases. In addition, selected 6 P. aeruginosa isolates were further characterized using whole-genome sequencing (WGS). Based on the presence of T3SS-related genes, 25% of the isolates were found to carry exoU and/or exoS genes belonging to invasive (exoU-/exoS+, 18.2%) and cytotoxic (exoU+/exoS-, 6.8%) strains. But, none of the isolates carried both exoU and exoS genes. In terms of other virulence genes examined, various virulence gene profiles were observed among the isolates. The majority of the isolates (72.7%) were susceptible to all tested antimicrobials. Resistance rates to ciprofloxacin and carbapenems (imipenem and meropenem) were determined as 25% and 4.5%, respectively. WGS analysis indicated the presence of different resistome, but fosA genes in all isolates, and different combinations of mutations in gyrA, parC, oprD, efflux pump, and genes playing a role in the regulation of ampC gene expression. Different sequence types (STs) and serotypes were found in representative isolates with the occurrence of the O11-ST235 clone, which is a worldwide multidrug-resistant high-risk clone representing a serious public health threat. The findings of this study provide valuable information on P. aeruginosa isolated from clinical bovine mastitis cases and current antimicrobial resistance levels and virulence determinants. Keywords : Antimicrobial resistance, Clinical bovine mastitis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Virulence, Whole-genome sequenci