Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 6
The Method Evaluation of Culturing DF-1 to Proliferate Canine Distemper Virus in Mink with Cephodex Microcarrier
Jianguo MEI1, Jinqiu ZHUANG2, Yumao WANG2, Bing ZHANG2, Shijun FU2, Shijin GUO2, Yan WANG2, Ling MO2, Lu GUO2, Jingjing SONG2
1Binzhou Bio-carrier Biotechnology Co., Ltd., Binzhou 256600, Shandong Province, CHINA
2Shandong Binzhou Animal Science & Veterinary Medicine Academy, Binzhou 256600, Shandong Province, CHINA
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2022.27771 As an acute and highly lethal infectious disease, there is no specific therapeutic drug for canine distemper (CD). Although the process of large-scale production of canine distemper virus (CDV) vaccine of mink has been greatly improved, there are still many deficiencies to be perfected. As one of the most promising technologies for large-scale vaccine production, microcarrier suspension culture technology needs to be further improved. In this study, the application effect of the new Cephodex microcarrier in CDV culture was evaluated to establish a set of technical process for DF-1 cell high-density growth and CDV efficient proliferation. To perfect the large-scale CDV production process, Cephodex was used to suspension culture DF-1 cells for proliferating CDV. In a shake flasks culture system, the optimal culture conditions were established by optimizing culture temperature, virus inoculation and harvest time. Therefore, mink CD vaccine high-efficiency production was laid on the preliminarily established technology of CDV microcarrier suspension culture. The cell density could reach over 3×106 cells/mL after 72 h cultured with Cephodex microcarrier at 37°C. Proliferated at 35°C, the CDV titer after 72 h was about 100.5 TCID50/0.1ml higher than that at 33°C and 37°C. These results show that the Cephodex microcarrier could be used for large-scale culture of DF-1 cells and efficient proliferation of CDV. Keywords : Canine distemper virus, DF-1 cells, Microcarrier, Suspension culture, Vaccine