Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2019 , Vol 25 , Issue 6
Brucella suis S2 Isolated from Aborted Sheep Fetuses in Northwestern China
Huan ZHANG1, Benben WANG2, Jihai YI1, Zhen WANG1, Junbo ZHANG3, Yuanzhi WANG4, Chuangfu CHEN1
1School of Animal Science and Technology, Shihezi University, 832000-Shihezi City, Xinjiang, CHINA
2School of Life Science, Shihezi University, 832000-Shihezi City, Xinjiang, CHINA
3College of Agroforestry Engineering and Planning, Tongren University, 554300-Tongren City, Guizhou, CHINA
4School of Medicine, Shihezi University, 832000-Shihezi City, Xinjiang, CHINA
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2019.21752 This study aimed to investigate the cause of abortion in a traditional sheep farm. Here, 31 specimens were examined by PCR targeting the Brucella outer membrane protein gene 22 (omp22), and 25 (80.6%, 25/31) were found to be positive. Totally, 3 Brucella suis S2 and 10 Brucella melitensis were isolated from 31 aborted fetuses in which one B. suis S2 and B. melitensis were isolated from a same aborted fetus. All of these isolates were identified by PCR and conventional bacterial tests. These 3 B. suis isolates and the reference strain B. suis S2 were all identified as B. suis biovar 1 and the 10 B. melitensis isolates were all identified as B. melitensis biovar 3. This study suggests that B. suis S2 can partially induce abortion in pregnant ewes. Hence, for the sake of safety, it is need to develop a new Brucella vaccine to protect pregnant sheep from brucellosis. Keywords : Brucella suis S2, Sheep, Abortion, China