Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2023 , Vol 29 , Issue 6
Identification and Recognition of Animals from Biometric Markers Using Computer Vision Approaches: A Review
Pınar CIHAN1, Ahmet SAYGILI1, Nihat Eren OZMEN1, Muhammed AKYUZLU1
1Tekirdağ Namık Kemal University, Faculty of Corlu Engineering, Department of Computer Engineering, TR-59860 Tekirdağ - TÜRKİYE DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2023.30265 Although classic methods (such as ear tagging, marking, etc.) are generally used for animal identification and recognition, biometric methods have gained popularity in recent years due to the advantages they offer. Systems utilizing biometric markers have been developed for various purposes in animal management, including more effective and accurate tracking of animals, vaccination, disease management, and prevention of theft and fraud. Animals" irises, retinas, faces, muzzle, and body patterns contain unique biometric markers. The use of these markers in computer vision approaches for animal identification and tracking systems has become a highly effective and promising research area in recent years. This review aims to provide a general overview of the latest developments in image processing approaches for animal identification and recognition applications. In this review, we examined in detail all relevant studies we could access from different electronic databases for each biometric method. Afterward, the opportunities and challenges of classical and biometric methods were compared. We anticipate that this study, which conducts a literature review on animal identification and recognition based on computer vision approaches, will shed light on future research towards developing automated systems with biometric methods. Keywords : Animal, Biometric markers, Computer vision, Identification, Recognition