Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 4
Comparison of Digestibility, Stool Quality, Preference and Manufacturing Cost of Grain-inclusive and Grain-free Dry Dog Foods
Oğuzhan KAHRAMAN1, Fatma İNAL1, Mustafa Selçuk ALATAŞ1, Şeref İNAL2, Mustafa ULUDAĞ3, Cafer TEPELİ2
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selçuk University, Department of Animal Nutrition and Nutrional Diseases, TR-42100 Konya - TÜRKİYE
2Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Selçuk University, Department of Animal Science, TR-42100 Konya - TÜRKİYE
3Çamlıca Mah. 133. Cad. 18/23 TR-06200 Yenimahalle, Ankara - TÜRKİYE
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2022.27681 Th is study aimed to compare nutrient digestibility, preference rate, eff ects on stool and cost of grain-inclusive and grain-free dry dog foods. Two dry dog foods with and without grain formulated with poultry meal, barley, rice, corn, peas, carrot, potato fl our, whey, fat, vitamin and mineral sources were manufactured. Twelve adult Golden Retriever dogs (age 3-4 years, body weight = 22.5±1.7 kg) were divided into two groups for the digestibility trial. A total of 20 Golden Retriever and Kangal (age 4-5 years, body weight = 35.5±1.9 kg) breed dogs were used for a two-pan preference test. Crude fibre digestibility of grain-free food was significantly lower (P<0.05). Th ere was no diff erence in other nutrient digestibility in foods as determined by total faecal collection method. Presence of grains in food improved the consistency and dry matter of stool(P<0.05). Dogs preferred grain-free food (55.88%) to grain-inclusive food (44.12%) (P<0.05). Th e manufacturing cost of grain-free food was found to be about three times higher than grain food. Th e benefits of grain-free dog diets are debated. Th e eff ects of grain and grain-free foods on digestibility, stool parameters and canine health should be demonstrated by further studies. Cost must be calculated to produce reliable and suitable quality dog food with diff erent ingredients. Palatability and intake levels, which are among the most important criteria in dog nutrition, should be determined by preference tests. Keywords : Digestibility level, Faecal consistency, Grain free dog food, Grain inclusive dog food, Preference test