Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 3
The Effects of Fast and Slow Thawing on Spermatological Parameters and Detect of Chromatin Condensation by Toluidine Blue Staining in Frozen-Th awed Bull Sperm
Burcu ESİN1, Melih AKAR1, Merve Deniz TAĞRIKULU1, Cumali KAYA1, Mesut ÇEVİK1
1Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ondokuz Mayıs University, TR-55200 Samsun - TÜRKİYE DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2021.26950 Th e purpose of this study was to observe the eff ect of diff erent thawing methods on semen parameters such as motility and morphology and sperm chromatin integrity as assessed by toluidine blue (TB) staining. A total of 20 frozen sperm straws from the same Holstein bull were used. While the 30 sec thawing protocol at 37°C, which is used for thawing frozen sperm straws, constitutes our slow thawing group (n=10), the 6 sec thawing protocol at 70°C constitutes our fast-thawing group (n=10). Th e motility, viability, morphology, plasma membrane integrity, and sperm chromatin condensation parameters of all thawed sperm were investigated. Th ere was a significant diff erence (P<0.05) in sperm plasma membrane integrity, head defect, and total abnormal sperm morphology. Th e chromatin decondensation rate detected by TB in bull semen thawed in the slow thaw system, and the decondensation rate in the fast thaw system, diff ered significantly from each other in line with the literature data (P<0.05). According to the evaluations made in terms of chromatin decondensation rate, the rate obtained in slow thawing (7±0.39) shows an increase up to two times compared to the fast-thawing rate (3.3±0.33) (P<0.05). Th e TB staining procedure can be used to evaluate infertility and chromatin integrity, especially in cases that are suspicious and require rapid evaluation. Keywords : Diagnostic test, Sperm chromatin, Sperm morphology, Toluidine blue