Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2019 , Vol 25 , Issue 1
The Mortality Effects of Some Entomopathogenic Fungi Against Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera littoralis, Tenebrio molitor and Blattella germanica
Engin KILIÇ1, Özlem GÜVEN2, Recep BAYDAR3, İsmail KARACA3
1Erzincan University, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Microbiology, TR- 24100 Erzincan - TURKEY
2Kahramanmaraş Sütçü İmam University, Faculty of Arts and Sciences, Biology Department, TR-46040 Kahramanmaraş - TURKEY
3Süleyman Demirel University, Agricultural Faculty, Department of Plant Protection, TR-32260 Isparta - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2018.20278 Laboratory bioassay studies were conducted to determine the effects of 9 isolates of Beauveria bassiana and one isolate of Metarhizium anisopliae, isolated from the soils in Isparta, Turkey, against Helicoverpa armigera (Hübner), Spodoptera littoralis (Hübner) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), Tenebrio molitor (L.) (Coleoptera: Tenebrionidae) and Blattella germanica (L.) (Blattodea: Blattellidae). Concentrations of 2x107 conidia/mL were applied on insects by hand sprayer. All treated insects were incubated at 26±1°C, 70±5% relative humidity for 12 days. All entomopathogenic fungi were infectious to all tested insects but infection rates were different. Isolates of B. bassiana and M. anisopliae showed very low infection rates on B. germanica (3.3-6.7%). Other insects had different mortality rates. H. armigera, S. littoralis and T. molitor had 53.3-73.3%, 56.7-66.7% and 73.3-80.0% infection rates, respectively. As all fungal isolates were not very effective on B. germanica under laboratory conditions but showed effectiveness on other insects. Keywords : Biological control, Entomopathogenic fungi, Helicoverpa armigera, Spodoptera littoralis, Tenebrio molitor, Blattella germanica