Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2018 , Vol 24 , Issue 6
Determination of the Stages of Deep Pectoral Myopathy Induced in Broilers Fed with Supplemental Coenzyme Q10
Zlatko JOJKIC1, Slobodan STOJANOVIC1, Dragan ZIKIC2, Sinisa BJEDOV2, Verica MILOSEVIC3, Marko MILER3, Gordana USCEBRKA1
1University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Veterinary Medicine, Dositeja Obradovica 8, 21000 Novi Sad - SERBIA
2University of Novi Sad, Faculty of Agriculture, Department of Animal Science, Dositeja Obradovica 8, 21000 Novi Sad - SERBIA
3University of Belgrade, Institute for Biological Research Sinisa Stankovic, Despota Stefana 142, 11000 Belgrade - SERBIA
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2018.20103 The aim of this study was to examine the structural characteristics and incidence of different stages of deep pectoral myopathy (DPM) that was induced in broilers fed a coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) supplemented diet. A total of 288 1-day-old chicks (Cobb 500) were equally divided among 8 pens (pens 1 to 8). The diet was the same for all chicks until day 35 post-hatching. Subsequently, broilers in pens 5 to 8 were fed the 20 mg of CoQ10/kg finisher diet until the end of the experiment (day 42 post-hatching). To induce DPM, 5 male birds from each of the pens 1 to 8 were subjected to encouraged wing flapping (EWF) at the end of their 37th day. At the end of the trial, the incidence of DPM stages in broilers was determined and an analysis of the histological parameters of deep pectoral muscles was performed. Results showed that, in the groups subjected to EWF, broilers with the CoQ10 supplement had a lower average DPM stage and volume density of necrotic muscle cells, as well as a higher volume density of non-necrotic muscle cells. These results can be related to the antioxidant properties of CoQ10, which, in chickens subjected to EWF, reduced the effects of DPM on cell necrosis and muscle tissue damage. Keywords : Deep pectoral myopathy, Coenzyme Q10, Broiler