Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2018 , Vol 24 , Issue 2
Effect of Probiotic and Different Sources of Fat on Performance, Carcass Characteristics, Intestinal Morphology and Ghrelin Gene Expression on Broiler Chickens
Mohammadreza POORGHASEMI1, Mohammad CHAMANI1, Seyed Ziaeddin MIRHOSSEINI2, Ali Asghar SADEGHI1, Alireza SEIDAVI3
1Department of Animal Science, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, IRAN
2Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agricultural Science, University of Guilan, Rasht, IRAN
3Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Rasht Branch, Islamic Azad University, Rasht, IRAN
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2017.18433 The effect of Lactofeed probiotic and different sources of fat on performance, carcass characteristics, intestinal morphology and ghrelin gene expression of broiler chickens was studied in an experiment using a total of 240 one-day-old male chickens from commercial strain (Ross 308) in a completely randomized design via 6 treatments with 4 replicates (10 birds per replicate). The experimental diets included: (1) basal diet (control); (2) diet containing 3% animal fat from tallow (fat); (3) diet containing 3% plant oil from soybean (oil); (4) control + probiotic; (5) probiotic + (fat) and (6) probiotic + (oil). The results showed some improvement in performance in the third group (P<0.05). A significant difference in the length, width and depth of crypt was observed between the treatments 3 and 4, and the control group (P<0.05). There was a significant difference in ghrelin gene expression of the treatments 2 and 4 in comparison with the control group (P<0.05). The results generally showed that there were benefits from the separate use of probiotic and soybean oil in the diet of broiler chicken. Keywords : Broiler, Fat, Feed intake, Lactofeed, Performance