Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2018 , Vol 24 , Issue 1
Investigating the Bias Resulted from Ignoring Bulmer Effect on the Genetic and Economic Output in Progeny Test and Genomic Selection Program
1Department of Animal Science, University of Mohaghegh Ardabili, Ardabil, IRAN
2Former Postgraduate PhD of Animal Sciences, University of Guilan, Rasht, IRAN
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2017.18618 This study aims to investigate the degree of bias resulted from ignoring Bulmer effect during the estimation of genetic and economic progress in progeny test and genomic selection programs. To this end, a deterministic approach based on gene flow method in a time horizon of 70 years was used. In this study, milk production was considered as the selection goal under a four-path selection strategy. In the progeny test, asymptotic genetic variance of sires and dams decreased by 67.59% and 64.97%, respectively. Also, in genomic selection program, asymptotic genetic variance in sires and dams decreased by 68.56% and 63.06%, respectively. The maximum reduction in genetic variance occurred in the first three generations. In the progeny test program, the bias of genetic progress per generation due to ignoring Bulmer effect was four times higher than genomic selection program, but this difference decreased significantly in the results of single round and continuous selection after 20 generations. Bulmer effect resulted in 51.64% and 44.62% reduction in the economic efficiency of progeny test and genomic selection, respectively. According to the results of this study, ignoring Bulmer effect in the investigations concerning comparison between progeny test and genomic selection seems to be unreasonable. Long-term selection has more severe effect on genetic and economic aspects of progeny test in comparison to genomic selection program via decreasing genetic variance. Keywords : Bulmer effect, Genomic selection, Bias, Progeny testing, Selection intensity