Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2023 , Vol 29 , Issue 4
Insulin and Bull Sperm Interactions During Cryopreservation
N. Tekin ÖNDER1, Taygun GÖKDEMIR1, Muhammet Can KILIÇ, Oğuzhan ŞAHIN1, Savaş YILDIZ1, Cihan KAÇAR2, Murat Can DEMİR2, Yavuz ÖZTÜRKLER1
1Department of Reproduction and Artificial Insemination, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, TR-36100 Kars - TÜRKİYE
2Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kafkas University, TR-36100 Kars - TÜRKİYE
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2023.29623 The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effects of insulin supplemented extender on bull semen at a post-thaw stage. Semen samples were collected four times from a Zavot bull which is endangered species in Türkiye. Semen samples were diluted with Tris based extender supplemented with 10 IU or 15 IU of insulin and control. Motility and plasma membrane integrity were evaluated by a phase-contrast microscope. Acrosome integrity (Fitc-Peanut Agglutinin), mitochondrial membrane potential (Rhodamine 123), nitric oxide level (4,5-Diaminofluorescein-2/diacetate) were evaluated with dual staining propidium iodide using flow cytometry. Motility and plasma membrane functional integrity were better preserved compared to control group (P<0.05). Acrosome integrity results were statistically similar between control and 10 IU insulin groups (P>0.05), but increased insulin negatively affected acrosome integrity (p<0.05). Mitochondrial membrane potential was found to be higher when compared all cells in insulin containing groups compared to control (P<0.05). However, results were found similar in all groups with PI negative/mitochondrial membrane potential positive (P>0.05). There were not any significant differences among groups in terms of nitric oxide level (P>0.05). In conclusion, it was thought that insulin involved in energy metabolism and improved preservation of bull semen. Keywords : Zavot, Bull semen, Insulin, Cryopreservation