Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2022 , Vol 28 , Issue 1
The Development of a SYBR Green I Multiple Real-time Fluorescence PCR Assay for Detection of Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Haemophilus parasuis and Pasteurella multocida
Yu ZHANG1, Yongjun DONG1, Yanhua XU1, Zhichen WANG1, Nan YU1, Hailin LIU2, Lirong WANG1
1College of Animal Science and Veterinary Medicine, Henan Institute of Science and Technology, Xinxiang 453003, CHINA
2Xinxiang Center for Animal Disease Control and Prevention, Xinxiang 453000, CHINA
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2021.26202 Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Haemophilus parasuis, and Pasteurelle multocida are common pathogens of respiratory diseases in the pig industry, and they may cause secondary infections and serious economic losses to the pig industry. The clinical symptoms caused by these three pathogens are difficult to distinguish with the naked eye, and mix infections bring difficulties to the diagnosis of diseases. In this study, specific primers were designed on the basis of A. pleuropneumoniae Apx IV, H. parasuis Omp P2 and P. multocida PlpE gene. The expected amplified products of A. pleuropneumoniae, H. parasuis, and P. multocida were 157, 120 and 305 bp, respectively. After the amplified fragment was cloned into a vector, a standard plasmid was constructed. By using the standard plasmid as template, a fluorescence quantitative PCR method for simultaneous detection of A. pleuropneumoniae, H. parasuis, and P. multocida multiple SYBR Green I was established. Combined with melting curve analysis, the sensitivity, specificity, and repeatability were also evaluated. The results showed that the sensitivity of the method for detecting the three pathogens were 147, 145, and 61 copies/μL. On the same melting curve that produced three specific Tm peaks, no cross reaction with other bacteria was observed, and the method demonstrated good specificity and repeatability. This method could be used for the simultaneous detection of the three pathogens, thus providing an effective detection tool for disease prevention and treatment. Keywords : Actinobacillus pleuropneumoniae, Haemophilus parasuis, Pasteurelle multocida, SYBR Green I, Multiplex PCR