Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2021 , Vol 27 , Issue 4
Diagnostic Efficacy of Copro-ELISA for Detection of Fasciolosis in Cattle and Buff aloes in Punjab Province, Pakistan
Kiran AFSHAN1, Imtiaz AHMAD1, Maria KOMAL1, Sabika FIRASAT1, Imtiaz Ahmad KHAN2, Mazahr QAYYUM3
1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, 45320, PAKISTAN
2Department of Veterinary Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, 46300, Rawalpindi, PAKISTAN
3Department of Zoology and Biology, Faculty of Sciences, PMAS-Arid Agriculture University, Rawalpindi-46300, PAKISTAN
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2021.25530 Fasciolosis is a food borne zoonotic trematode disease that causes liver damage in ruminants and humans. The information recorded on the prepatent diagnostic methods is limited with low sensitivity. The study aimed to investigate the diagnostic efficacy of coproantigens by using in house developed indirect enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Adult helminths were collected from the bile duct of buff aloes for the extraction of excretory secretory (ES) and somatic (SA) antigens. The polyclonal antibodies were produced by immunization of rabbits with SA and ES antigens of Fasciola. Kappa value of developed ELISA was calculated to check the diagnostic performance of the test. The mean absorbance values at diff erent concentrations of coproantigens were significantly diff erent (P≤0.001) from controls. However, the diff erence was not significant among the concentrations of coproantigen. A positive linear relationship was observed to the concentration of antigens used in fecal supernatant and the absorbance values. The sensitivity and specificity of diagnostic test with ES-polyclonal antibodies were 100% (95% CI: 89.42%-100.00%) and 76.19% (95% CI: 52.83.30%-91.78%), respectively. Kappa value revealed that the strength of agreement is almost substantial. The SA-polyclonal antibodies showed the specificity and sensitivity of diagnostic test were 100% (95% CI: 89.42%-100.00%) and 90.00% (95% CI: 68.30%-98.77%), respectively. However, Kappa value of the test revealed that the strength of agreement is perfect. The result provides information that will add sensitive diagnostic methods for the detection of fasciolosis. Keywords : Copro-ELISA, fascioliasis, ruminants, SA antigens, ES antigens