Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2020 , Vol 26 , Issue 6
Evaluation of the Protective Effect of Chlorogenic Acid and Rhabdosciadium anatolyi Against Cyclophosphamide-Induced Ovarian Toxicity in the Rat with Histopathological and Immunohistochemical Findings
İsmet ALKIŞ1, Suat EKİN2, Serkan YILDIRIM3, Ahmet BAKIR2, Gizem ESER3, Mehmet FIRAT4
1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Van Yuzuncu Yil University, TR-65080 Van - TURKEY
2Department of Chemistry, Division of Biochemistry, Faculty of Science, Van Yuzuncu Yil University, TR-65080 Van - TURKEY
3Department of Pathology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ataturk University, TR-25240 Erzurum - TURKEY
4Department of Biology, Van Yüzüncü Yil University, TR-65080 Van - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2020.24305 Cyclophosphamide (CD) has a range of adverse effects on ovarian tissue in humans. It is widely an anticancer drug and used in autoimmune disorders. Also, CD produces reactive oxygen species. In the current study, we evaluated possible protective roles of Rhabdosciadium anatolyi (RA) and chlorogenic acid (CA) on histopathological alterations and immunohistochemical assessment of 8-OHdG in the ovarian tissues of female rats given cyclophosphamide. Female Wistar albino rats were divided into six experimental groups, each consisted of eight rats: control group, CD (200 mg/kg) with i.p. for the first day as single dose, CA (100 mg/kg), RA (300 mg/kg) for each day, RA (300 mg/kg) + CD (200 mg/kg) and CA(100 mg/kg) + CD (200 mg/kg) groups. The rats were administered treatments lasted 7 days for all groups. CA and RA treatment is associated with positive the ovary action CD-induced ovotoxicity in rats. CA and RA could ameliorate the histopathological and immunohistochemical finding restoring which may show moderate levels of primordial follicle, primary, secondary, tertiary and graafian follicles were observed degeneration in germinative cells. Therefore, our results suggest that chlorogenic acid and Rhabdosciadium anatolyi might be a protective effect for CD-induced ovotoxicity. Keywords : Cyclophosphamide, Rhabdosciadium anatolyi, Chlorogenic acid, 8-OHdG