Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2020 , Vol 26 , Issue 5
Investigation of Correlations Between Clinical Signs and Pathological Findings in Cats and Dogs with Inflammatory Bowel Disease
1Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35413, Las Palmas, SPAIN
2Institute for Technological Development and Innovation in Communications, University of Las Palmas de Gran Canaria, 35017, Las Palmas, SPAIN
3The Royal Veterinary College, University of London, Hertfordshire, AL9 7TA, London, UNITED KINGDOM
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2020.23764 This paper compares the correlation between the clinical signs and the histopathological observations of the entire intestine in cats and dogs with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). To perform this study, hospital records of 53 dogs and 20 cats of different sex, ages, and breed diagnosed with IBD following the histopathological criteria of the World Small Animal Veterinary Association (WSAVA) were evaluated. The results obtained in this study did show correlations between some clinical signs and the histopathological assessment of dogs and cats with IBD. Therefore, a slight association between diarrhea and lacteal dilation in the small bowel, and diarrhea and desquamation in the large bowel of dogs with IBD was seen, but no other associations were found between the rest of the lesions and symptoms. In contrast, cats only showed a correlation between anorexia with villous stunting and villous epithelial injury, without correspondence among other clinical signs and lesions. The results of this study propose that the evaluation of IBD can be complicated, especially with the use of retrospective records of archived intestinal biopsies and subjective clinical and histopathologic decisions. Keywords : Dog, Cat, Inflammatory Bowel Disease, IBD, Lesion, Clinical signs