Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2019 , Vol 25 , Issue 4
Evaluation of Early and Late Period Results of Polyester Film Use for the Repair of Ventral Hernias: An Experimental Study on Rabbit Models
Engin KILIÇ1, Sadık YAYLA1, Vedat BARAN1, Berna Ersöz KANAY2, Celal Şahin ERMUTLU1, Kemal KILIÇ3, Mustafa GÖK4, Serpil DAĞ5
1Kafkas University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, TR-36100 Kars - TURKEY
2Dicle University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Surgery, TR-21280 Diyarbakır - TURKEY
3Tuzla State Hospital, Clinic of General Surgery, TR-34947 İstanbul - TURKEY
4Adnan Menderes University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, TR-09010 Aydın - TURKEY
5Kafkas University, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Pathology, TR-36100 Kars - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2018.21322 The purpose of this study is to assess clinical, MR, USG and histopathological findings of early and later results of polyester film use in experimental ventral hernia model in rabbits. In this study, 16 New Zealand rabbits were divided into 2 groups of 8 rabbits each. After xylazine HCl usage as a sedative, the surgery is conducted under general anaesthesia by ketamine HCl. Upon median skin incision, a 2 cm diameter round defect on linea alba level was formed in rabbits lying in the supine position. The defect was repaired with 4 cm diameter polyester film which had been prepared beforehand in the shape of a disc. After clinical follow up of 15 days for rabbits in group I and 60 days for group II, USG and MR images were taken, by re-laparotomy the presence and extent of peritoneal adhesion was examined visually. All data from the study were statistically assessed via Minitab-16 package program. Tissue samples from the graft area were stained through hematoxylineozin and Crossman"s triple dye and assessed by usage of light microscope. During histopathological examination, it was observed repair by fibrous tissue in the area where surgery was performed for all the animals in 15 day group. Neither foreign body giant cell reaction nor necrosis was observed in two groups. When clinical, USG, MR findings along with re-laparotomy, macroscopic and histopathological results are taken into account, it was seen that polyester film bore successful results with regards to ventral hernia therapy in rabbits. Based on the data provided by this study, it is decided that the mentioned material should be tried for large hernia defect repair in domestic animals. Keywords : Graft, Ventral hernia repair, Polyester film, Rabbit