Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2019 , Vol 25 , Issue 2
Insect Bite Hypersensitivity (Sweet Itch) in a Non-Descript Riding Local Breed Mare
Tanveer AHMAD1, Muhammad Saleem AKHTAR1, Muhammad Mazhar AYAZ2, Muhammad Mudassar NAZIR2, Ejaz AHMAD1, Muhammad Raza HAMEED2, Maqbool HUSSAIN1
1Department of Clinical Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, PAKISTAN
2Department of Pathobiology, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Bahauddin Zakariya University, Multan, PAKISTAN
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2018.20330 Summer itch or insect bite hypersensitivity is common problem during summer in all animals. Some horses are allergic to insect saliva. A 13 year old mare kept for riding purpose at livestock farm FVS, BZU, Multan was examined with a condition characterized by little bumps, papules and abrasions on neck, abdomen, thighs and tail, anaemic mucous membranes, concentrated urine, partial anorexia and generalized emaciation. There was a history of chronic lesion of about more than one year old and many therapies were tried but all non-responsive. A mixed biting infection of Tabanus spp. and Stomoxys spp. was identified. On the basis of clinical sign(s), history and fly identification a diagnosis of insect bite hypersensitivity was detected. Treatment protocol was done in two rounds i.e. first round of treatment was done with dexamethasone along & vitamin E administrated through intramuscular route for 5 days and followed by 10 mg dexamethasone orally for one month. Animal respond the treatment and there was full recovery from condition and on follow up no relapse of the condition was observed. Keywords : Tabanus, Stomoxys, Mare