Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2017 , Vol 23 , Issue 2
Effect of Dried Thyme Pulp (Tymbra Spicata L. spicata) on Fermantation Quality and In Vitro Organic Matter Digestibility of Meadow Grass and Alfalfa Silages
1Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Yuzuncu Yıl University, TR-65080 Van - TURKEY
2Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Harran University, TR-63000 Sanliurfa - TURKEY
3Sanliurfa Food Control Laboratory, Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, TR-63100 Sanliurfa - TURKEY
4Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture, Süleyman Demirel University, TR-32260 Isparta - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2016.16266 The aim of the study was to evaluate the possible effect of dried Thyme (Thymbra spicata L.) pulp (DTP) on first-cut meadow grass (Poa trivialis L.) and alfalfa (Medicago sativa L.) silage fermantation parameters and in vitro organic matter digestility. Experimental silage consisted of four replicates for each silage group (Grass, (G) and Alfalfa (L), respectively). Each silages groups were supplemented with DTP at 0, 0.5, 1.0, 3.0, and 5.0% level, respectively. The silos were stored for 60 d at room temperature (about 22°C). Results showed that silages added with DTP had higher amounts of NDF, acetic acid and propionic acid whlist lower amounts of lactic acid and NH3N-TN compared to those of control (P<0.001). DTP significantly reduced microbial load of silage opened at 60 days without changing lactobacilli (P<0.001). It was concluded that the reducing in the load of undesirable microorganisms (Enterobacter, yeast and mould) without causing a decline in the number of lactobacilli could be provided significantly advantages in terms of improving the aerobic stability of the silages. Keywords : Thyme (Tymbra Spicata L. spicata ) pulp, Phenolic compunds, Silage quality, Organic matter digestibility, Meadow grass, Alfalfa