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Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi Articles in Press
Optimisation of Indirect ELISA by Comparison of Different Antigen Preparations for Detection of Antibodies Against Schmallenberg Virus
Ahmet Kursat AZKUR1, Emel AKSOY1, Murat YILDIRIM2, Kader YILDIZ3
1Department of Virology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kirikkale University, TR-71450 Kirikkale - TURKEY
2Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kirikkale University, TR-71450 Kirikkale - TURKEY
3Department of Parasitology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Kirikkale University, TR-71450 Kirikkale - TURKEY
DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2020.24397 Schmallenberg virus (SBV) infection, discovered in 2011, was reported in Europe including Turkey, Africa and recently in some Asian countries. Commercial enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) kits were widely used by researchers in many epidemiological studies and SBV diagnosis. The aim of this study was to optimise indirect in-house ELISA that is based on different antigen preparations of cell-culture derived whole SBV particle. Antigen preparations were maintained with various methods: PEG precipitation, ultracentrifugation, dialysis, and antigen inactivation. Following antigen optimisation, steps of antigen coating, blocking, conjugate and stop solution were optimised and in-house ELISA was compared to commercial indirect SBV ELISA kit. The best result in ELISA antigen preparation for SBV was gained by 30% PEG purification method followed by formaldehyde inactivation. Although results of this study demonstrated that in-house ELISA for detection of SBV specific antibodies was equally sensitive and specific as commercial kit, purified SBV antigen based in-house ELISA development could increase S/P ratios. Keywords : Diagnosis, Dialysis, ELISA, PEG, Schmallenberg virus