Kafkas Üniversitesi Veteriner Fakültesi Dergisi 2020 , Vol 26 , Issue 6
Sero-detection of Foot and Mouth Disease Virus Serotypes A and O in One-humped Camels (Camelus dromedarius) in the Middle of Iraq
Saad Hashim AL-HUSSEINY1, Qassim Haleem KSHASH1, Asaad JASSIM1
1Department of Internal and Preventive Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Al- Qadisiyah, IRAQ DOI : 10.9775/kvfd.2020.24276 Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is a severe trans-boundary animal disease caused by a foot and mouth disease virus (FMDV) that spreads through Asia and Arabic countries. The current study aimed to investigate the FMDV antibodies in Iraqi dromedary"s camels (Camelus dromedaries). A total of 520 serum samples were collected from clinically healthy camels (265 females and 255males) from different areas in the three Provinces of Iraq (Al-Najaf, Al-Muthanna, and Al-Qadisiyah) from February to July 2019 and divided into three groups based on the age of the camels. All sera samples were screened for antibodies against the non-structural protein (NSP) of FMDV using ELISA and further the NSP positive serum samples were screened for antibodies against structural proteins of FMDV serotype O A and C by liquid phase blocking ELISA (LPB-ELISA).The Result indicated that 10% of the sera were positive for NSP antibodies and FMDV serotype A found to be predominant. It was also observed that NSP positive was more in samples collected from female camels (11.30%) than male camels (8.60%), NSP FMDV antibodies were detected in camels of all ages. In summary, our study showed, for the first time in Iraq, that camels are more susceptible to the A and O FMD serotypes. Keywords : FMD, NSP, Camels, LPBE, Iraq